Structure and Class in C#

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Structure is a user defined type which can contain different member (variable, method and property etc). 
Class is  a user define type which can contain such type of member but there is some difference between structure and class.
Now i am going to implement structure and class in C# after that i will show you exact difference between structure and class in C#.
There are some steps please follow them step by step which is given below.

Step 1 First open your visual studio->File->New->project->console Application->OK->Now write the following code which is given below in step 2.
Step 2 structure and class program code:-
see it:-
using System;
namespace structure
{
    class Program
    {
        public struct student
        {
            public String sname;
            public int sage;
            public student(String s,int i)
            {
                sname=s;
                sage=i;
                Console.WriteLine("student name is"+" " + sname);
                Console.WriteLine("student age is"+ " " + sage);
                Console.ReadLine();
               
             }
            public void show()
            {
                Console.WriteLine("student name is" + " " + sname);
                Console.WriteLine("student age is" + " " + sage);
                Console.ReadLine();
        }
            public class employee
            {
                public String ename;
                public int eage;

                public employee()
                {
                    ename="santosh";
                    eage =24;
                }
                public employee(String e, int j)
                {
                    ename=e;
                    eage=j;
          Console.WriteLine("employee name(parameter department) is"+" " + ename);
          Console.WriteLine("employee age(parameter department) is" + " " + eage);
                    Console.ReadLine();
                }
                public void display()
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("employee name is" + " " + ename);
                    Console.WriteLine("employee age is" + " " + eage);
                    Console.ReadLine();
                }
            }
            static void Main(string[] args)
            {  //calling the structure member
                student st = new student("ram", 23);
                st.sname = "vinod";
                st.sage = 22;
                st.show();

                //calling the class member paramerized cosntructur
                employee em = new employee("shayam", 33);
                em.ename = "Rajesh";
                em.eage = 21;
                em.display();

                //calling the class member empty costructur
                employee em1 = new employee();
                em1.display();

            }
        }
    }
}

Step 3 Now  Run the program(press F5).
See output:

Description:- Now i am going to explain how these  above program will work.Please read each point to understand the whole concept of this program.
  1. First i have created a structure student with struct keyword.
  2. After that i have declared and defined following member of student structure which is give below.
  • I have declared two variable sname and sage .
  • I have created a constructor with two parameter.
  • I have created a show() method for displaying the student  member data.
     3. After that i have created a class employee.
     4. After that i have declared and defined following member of employee class which is give below.
  •     I have declared two variable ename and eage .
  • I have created a constructor with No parameter.
  • I have created a constructor with two parameter.
  • I have created a display() method for displaying the employee  member data.
      5. After that i have created object of student structure and passed two parameter(at the object creation) in the main method.
   EX1.
student st=new student("ram",23);
Explanation:-
here parameterized  constructor of student structure will call and copy the values in corresponding variables.

           s<--ram
           i<--23

           sname<--ram
            sage<--23

output:
student name is ram
student age is 23

EX2:
Now again ,i have assigned values in variable of student sname and sage with the help of object st.
st.sname="vinod";
st.sage=22;
st.show();

here i have called the show() method of student to display the sname and sage values.
output:

student name is  vinod
student age is  22

     6. After that i have created the object of employee class and passed two parameter(at object creation ).
EX1:
employee em =new employee("shayam",33);
Explanation:-
here parameterized  constructor of employee class will call and display the parameter values.

          e<--shayam
           j<--33

           sname<--shyam
            sage<--33

output:
employee name(parameter department) is shayam
employee age(parameter department) is 33
EX2:

Now again ,i have assigned values in variable of employee ename and eage with the help of object em.
em.ename="Rajesh";
em.eage=21;
st.display();
here i have called the display() method of employee class to display the ename and eage values.
output:
employee name is Rajesh
employee age is 21

     7.  After that i have called empty constructor of employee class by creating the object of employee class again for calling the empty constructor of the employee class. 

employee em1 =new employee();
em1.display();
output:
employee name is Santosh
employee age is 24
 Difference between Structure and class :-
  • Structure is stored within stack memory and Class is stored within heap memory.
  • In Structure we can not define parameter less constructor but in class can do it.
  • In structure we can not initialize the data member at declaration but in class can do it. 
  • In structure inheritance is not possible(one structure can not inherited to another structure )but in class it is possible.
  • We can not declare virtual override and abstract keyword with structure but in class it is possible.
  • Class is Reference type but structure is value type.
  • We can use Destructor in Class but not in Structure.
For More:-
I hope this helpful for you.
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